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Munich is a densely-built city but has numerous public parks. The Englischer Garten , close to the city centre and covering an area of 3.
It contains a naturist nudist area, numerous bicycle and jogging tracks as well as bridle-paths. It was designed and laid out by Benjamin Thompson , Count Rumford, both for pleasure and as a work area for the city's vagrants and homeless.
Nowadays it is entirely a park, its southern half being dominated by wide open areas, hills, monuments and beach-like stretches along the streams Eisbach and Schwabinger Bach.
In contrast, its less-frequented northern part is much quieter, with many old trees and thick undergrowth. Multiple beer gardens can be found in both parts of the Englischer Garten, the most well known being located at the Chinese Pagoda.
Other large green spaces are the modern Olympiapark , the Westpark , and the parks of Nymphenburg Palace with the Botanischer Garten München-Nymphenburg to the north , and Schleissheim Palace.
The city's oldest park is the Hofgarten , near the Residenz, dating back to the 16th century. The site of the largest beer garden in town, the former royal Hirschgarten was founded in for deer, which still live there.
The city's zoo is the Tierpark Hellabrunn near the Flaucher Island in the Isar in the south of the city. Another notable park is Ostpark located in the Ramersdorf-Perlach borough which also houses the Michaelibad, the largest water park in Munich.
Munich is home to several professional football teams including Bayern Munich , Germany's most successful club and a multiple UEFA Champions League winner.
Other notable clubs include Munich , who were long time their rivals on a somewhat equal footing, but currently play in the 3rd Division 3.
Liga along with another former Bundesliga club SpVgg Unterhaching. FC Bayern Munich Basketball is currently playing in the Beko Basket Bundesliga.
The city hosted the final stages of the FIBA EuroBasket , where the German national basketball team won the gold medal.
The city's ice hockey club is EHC Red Bull München who play in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. The team has won three DEL Championships, in , and Munich hosted the Summer Olympics ; the Munich Massacre took place in the Olympic village.
It was one of the host cities for the Football World Cup , which was not held in Munich's Olympic Stadium , but in a new football specific stadium , the Allianz Arena.
Munich bid to host the Winter Olympic Games , but lost to Pyeongchang. Regular annual road running events in Munich are the Munich Marathon in October, the Stadtlauf end of June, the company run B2Run in July, the New Year's Run on 31 December, the Spartan Race Sprint, the Olympia Alm Crosslauf and the Bestzeitenmarathon.
Public sporting facilities in Munich include ten indoor swimming pools  and eight outdoor swimming pools,  which are operated by the Munich City Utilities SWM communal company.
Further, swimming within Munich's city limits is also possible in several artificial lakes such as for example the Riemer See or the Langwieder lake district.
Munich has a reputation as a surfing hotspot, offering the world's best known river surfing spot, the Eisbach wave, which is located at the southern edge of the Englischer Garten park and used by surfers day and night and throughout the year.
Austro-Bavarian has no official status by the Bavarian authorities or local government, yet is recognised by the SIL and has its own ISO code.
The Deutsches Museum or German Museum, located on an island in the River Isar, is the largest and one of the oldest science museums in the world.
Three redundant exhibition buildings that are under a protection order were converted to house the Verkehrsmuseum, which houses the land transport collections of the Deutsches Museum.
Deutsches Museum's Flugwerft Schleissheim flight exhibition centre is located nearby, on the Schleissheim Special Landing Field. Several non-centralised museums many of those are public collections at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität show the expanded state collections of palaeontology , geology, mineralogy ,  zoology , botany and anthropology.
The city has several important art galleries , most of which can be found in the Kunstareal , including the Alte Pinakothek , the Neue Pinakothek , the Pinakothek der Moderne and the Museum Brandhorst.
The Alte Pinakothek contains a treasure trove of the works of European masters between the 14th and 18th centuries. The collection reflects the eclectic tastes of the Wittelsbachs over four centuries, and is sorted by schools over two floors.
Major displays include Albrecht Dürer 's Christ-like Self-Portrait , his Four Apostles , Raphael 's paintings The Canigiani Holy Family and Madonna Tempi as well as Peter Paul Rubens large Judgment Day.
The gallery houses one of the world's most comprehensive Rubens collections. The Lenbachhaus houses works by the group of Munich-based modernist artists known as Der Blaue Reiter The Blue Rider.
An important collection of Greek and Roman art is held in the Glyptothek and the Staatliche Antikensammlung State Antiquities Collection.
King Ludwig I managed to acquire such pieces as the Medusa Rondanini , the Barberini Faun and figures from the Temple of Aphaea on Aegina for the Glyptothek.
Another important museum in the Kunstareal is the Egyptian Museum. The gothic Morris dancers of Erasmus Grasser are exhibited in the Munich City Museum in the old gothic arsenal building in the inner city.
The nearby Schackgalerie is an important gallery of German 19th-century paintings. Munich is a major international cultural centre and has played host to many prominent composers including Orlando di Lasso , W.
Mozart , Carl Maria von Weber , Richard Wagner , Gustav Mahler , Richard Strauss , Max Reger and Carl Orff. Some of classical music's best-known pieces have been created in and around Munich by composers born in the area, for example, Richard Strauss's tone poem Also sprach Zarathustra or Carl Orff's Carmina Burana.
At the Nationaltheater several of Richard Wagner 's operas were premiered under the patronage of Ludwig II of Bavaria.
It is the home of the Bavarian State Opera and the Bavarian State Orchestra. Many operas were staged there, including the premiere of Mozart's Idomeneo in The Gärtnerplatz Theatre is a ballet and musical state theatre while another opera house, the Prinzregententheater , has become the home of the Bavarian Theatre Academy and the Munich Chamber Orchestra.
The modern Gasteig centre houses the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra. The third orchestra in Munich with international importance is the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra.
Its primary concert venue is the Herkulessaal in the former city royal residence, the Munich Residenz.
A stage for shows, big events and musicals is the Deutsche Theater. It is Germany's largest theatre for guest performances. Munich's contributions to modern popular music are often overlooked in favour of its strong association with classical music, but they are numerous: the city has had a strong music scene in the s and s, with many internationally renowned bands and musicians frequently performing in its clubs.
Furthermore, Munich was the centre of Krautrock in southern Germany, with many important bands such as Amon Düül II , Embryo or Popol Vuh hailing from the city.
In the s, the Musicland Studios developed into one of the most prominent recording studios in the world, with bands such as the Rolling Stones , Led Zeppelin , Deep Purple and Queen recording albums there.
Munich also played a significant role in the development of electronic music, with genre pioneer Giorgio Moroder , who invented synth disco and electronic dance music , and Donna Summer , one of disco music's most important performers, both living and working in the city.
In the late s, Electroclash was substantially co-invented if not even invented in Munich, when DJ Hell introduced and assembled international pioneers of this musical genre through his International DeeJay Gigolo Records label here.
Music is so important in the Bavarian capital that the city hall gives permissions every day to ten musicians for performing in the streets around Marienplatz.
This is how performers such as Olga Kholodnaya and Alex Jacobowitz are entertaining the locals and the tourists every day.
Next to the Bavarian Staatsschauspiel in the Residenz Theatre Residenztheater , the Munich Kammerspiele in the Schauspielhaus is one of the most important German language theatres in the world.
Since Gotthold Ephraim Lessing 's premieres in many important writers have staged their plays in Munich such as Christian Friedrich Hebbel , Henrik Ibsen and Hugo von Hofmannsthal.
The city is known as the second largest publishing centre in the world around publishing houses have offices in the city , and many national and international publications are published in Munich, such as Arts in Munich, LAXMag and Prinz.
At the turn of the 20th century, Munich, and especially its suburb of Schwabing , was the preeminent cultural metropolis of Germany. Its importance as a centre for both literature and the fine arts was second to none in Europe, with numerous German and non-German artists moving there.
For example, Wassily Kandinsky chose Munich over Paris to study at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste München , and, along with many other painters and writers living in Schwabing at that time, had a profound influence on modern art.
Prominent literary figures worked in Munich especially during the final decades of the Kingdom of Bavaria, the so-called Prinzregentenzeit literally "prince regent's time" under the reign of Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria , a period often described as a cultural Golden Age for both Munich and Bavaria as a whole.
Among them were luminaries such as Thomas Mann , Heinrich Mann , Paul Heyse , Rainer Maria Rilke , Ludwig Thoma , Fanny zu Reventlow , Oskar Panizza , Gustav Meyrink , Max Halbe , Erich Mühsam and Frank Wedekind.
For a short while, Vladimir Lenin lived in Schwabing, where he wrote and published his most important work, What Is to Be Done?
Its caricatures and biting satirical attacks on Wilhelmine German society were the result of countless of collaborative efforts by many of the best visual artists and writers from Munich and elsewhere.
The period immediately before World War I saw continued economic and cultural prominence for the city. Thomas Mann wrote in his novella Gladius Dei about this period: "München leuchtete" literally "Munich shone".
Munich remained a centre of cultural life during the Weimar period, with figures such as Lion Feuchtwanger , Bertolt Brecht , Peter Paul Althaus , Stefan George , Ricarda Huch , Joachim Ringelnatz , Oskar Maria Graf , Annette Kolb , Ernst Toller , Hugo Ball and Klaus Mann adding to the already established big names.
Karl Valentin was Germany's most important cabaret performer and comedian and is to this day well-remembered and beloved as a cultural icon of his hometown.
Between and , he wrote and performed in many absurdist sketches and short films that were highly influential, earning him the nickname of "Charlie Chaplin of Germany".
Many of Valentin's works wouldn't be imaginable without his congenial female partner Liesl Karlstadt , who often played male characters to hilarious effect in their sketches.
After World War II, Munich soon again became a focal point of the German literary scene and remains so to this day, with writers as diverse as Wolfgang Koeppen , Erich Kästner , Eugen Roth , Alfred Andersch , Elfriede Jelinek , Hans Magnus Enzensberger , Michael Ende , Franz Xaver Kroetz , Gerhard Polt , John Vincent Palatine and Patrick Süskind calling the city their home.
Munich had already become an important place for painters like Carl Rottmann , Lovis Corinth , Wilhelm von Kaulbach , Carl Spitzweg , Franz von Lenbach , Franz von Stuck , Karl Piloty and Wilhelm Leibl when Der Blaue Reiter The Blue Rider , a group of expressionist artists, was established in Munich in The city was home to the Blue Rider's painters Paul Klee , Wassily Kandinsky , Alexej von Jawlensky , Gabriele Münter , Franz Marc , August Macke and Alfred Kubin.
Kandinsky's first abstract painting was created in Schwabing. Munich was and in some cases, still is home to many of the most important authors of the New German Cinema movement, including Rainer Werner Fassbinder , Werner Herzog , Edgar Reitz and Herbert Achternbusch.
In , the Filmverlag der Autoren was founded, cementing the city's role in the movement's history. Munich served as the location for many of Fassbinder's films, among them Ali: Fear Eats the Soul.
The Hotel Deutsche Eiche near Gärtnerplatz was somewhat like a centre of operations for Fassbinder and his "clan" of actors.
New German Cinema is considered by far the most important artistic movement in German cinema history since the era of German Expressionism in the s.
In , the Bavaria Film Studios were founded, which developed into one of Europe's largest film studios. Directors like Alfred Hitchcock , Billy Wilder , Orson Welles , John Huston , Ingmar Bergman , Stanley Kubrick , Claude Chabrol , Fritz Umgelter , Rainer Werner Fassbinder , Wolfgang Petersen and Wim Wenders made films there.
Munich remains one of the centres of the German film and entertainment industry. Annual " High End Munich" trade show.
April and May, Theresienwiese :  Held for two weeks from the end of April to the beginning of May,  Frühlingsfest celebrates spring and the new local spring beers, and is commonly referred to as the "little sister of Oktoberfest".
May, August, and October, Mariahilfplatz :  Auer Dult is Europe's largest jumble sale , with fairs of its kind dating back to the 14th century.
It has taken place over nine days each, three times a year. July and December, Olympia Park:  For three weeks in July, and then three weeks in December, Tollwood showcases fine and performing arts with live music, circus acts , and several lanes of booths selling handmade crafts, as well as organic international cuisine.
September and October, Theresienwiese :  The largest beer festival in the world, Munich's Oktoberfest runs for 16—18 days from the end of September through early October.
Oktoberfest hosts caterers and employees 13, people. November and December, city-wide:  Munich's Christmas Markets, or Christkindlmärkte , are held throughout the city from late November until Christmas Eve , the largest spanning the Marienplatz and surrounding streets.
Mini-Munich Late-July to mid-August, city-wide: Mini-Munich provides kids ages 7—15 with the opportunity to participate in a spielstadt , the German term for a miniature city composed almost entirely of children.
The experimental game was invented in Munich in the s and has since spread to other countries like Egypt and China. Since , historically interesting places in Munich can be explored via the cultural history trails KulturGeschichtsPfade.
The Munich cuisine contributes to the Bavarian cuisine. Münchner Weisswurst "white sausage" was invented here in It is a Munich speciality.
Traditionally eaten only before noon — a tradition dating to a time before refrigerators — these morsels are often served with sweet mustard and freshly baked pretzels.
Helles , a pale lager with a translucent gold colour is the most popular Munich beer today, although it's not old only introduced in and is the result of a change in beer tastes.
Helles has largely replaced Munich's dark beer, Dunkles , which gets its colour from roasted malt. It was the typical beer in Munich in the 19th century, but it is now more of a speciality.
It is dark amber in colour and has a heavy malty taste. It is available and is sold particularly during the Lenten Starkbierzeit strong beer season , which begins on or before St.
Joseph's Day 19 March. The beer served at Oktoberfest is a special type of Märzen beer with a higher alcohol content than regular Helles. Biergärten beer gardens are popular fixtures of Munich's gastronomic landscape.
They are central to the city's culture and serve as a kind of melting pot for members of all walks of life, for locals, expatriates and tourists alike.
It is allowed to bring one's own food to a beer garden, however, it is forbidden to bring one's own drinks. There are many smaller beer gardens and around twenty major ones, providing at least a thousand seats, with four of the largest in the Englischer Garten : Chinesischer Turm Munich's second largest beer garden with 7, seats , Seehaus, Hirschau and Aumeister.
Nockherberg, Hofbräukeller not to be confused with the Hofbräuhaus and Löwenbräukeller are other beer gardens. Hirschgarten is the largest beer garden in the world, with 8, seats.
There are six main breweries in Munich: Augustiner-Bräu , Hacker-Pschorr , Hofbräu , Löwenbräu , Paulaner and Spaten-Franziskaner-Bräu separate brands Spaten and Franziskaner, the latter of which mainly for Weissbier.
Also much consumed, though not from Munich and thus without the right to have a tent at the Oktoberfest, are Tegernseer and Schneider Weisse , the latter of which has a major beer hall in Munich.
Smaller breweries are becoming more prevalent in Munich, such as Giesinger Bräu. The Circus Krone based in Munich is one of the largest circuses in Europe.
Nightlife in Munich is located mostly in the city centre Altstadt-Lehel and the boroughs Maxvorstadt , Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt , Au-Haidhausen and Schwabing.
Between Sendlinger Tor and Maximiliansplatz lies the so-called Feierbanane party banana , a roughly banana-shaped unofficial party zone spanning 1.
The Feierbanane has become the mainstream focus of Munich's nightlife and tends to become crowded, especially at weekends. It has also been the subject of some debate among city officials because of alcohol-related security issues and the party zone's general impact on local residents as well as day-time businesses.
Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt 's two main quarters, Gärtnerplatzviertel and Glockenbachviertel, are both considered decidedly less mainstream than most other nightlife hotspots in the city and are renowned for their many hip and laid back bars and clubs as well as for being Munich's main centres of gay culture.
On warm spring or summer nights, hundreds of young people gather at Gärtnerplatz to relax, talk with friends and drink beer. Maxvorstadt has many smaller bars that are especially popular with university students, whereas Schwabing , once Munich's first and foremost party district with legendary clubs such as Big Apple, PN, Domicile, Hot Club, Piper Club, Tiffany, Germany's first large-scale disco Blow Up and the underwater nightclub Yellow Submarine ,  as well as many bars such as Schwabinger 7 or Schwabinger Podium, has lost much of its nightlife activity in the last decades, mainly due to gentrification and the resulting high rents.
It has become the city's most coveted and expensive residential district, attracting affluent citizens with little interest in partying. Since the mids, the Kunstpark Ost and its successor Kultfabrik, a former industrial complex that was converted to a large party area near München Ostbahnhof in Berg am Laim , hosted more than 30 clubs and was especially popular among younger people and residents of the metropolitan area surrounding Munich.
Apart from the Kultfarbik and the smaller Optimolwerke, there is a wide variety of establishments in the urban parts of nearby Haidhausen.
Before the Kunstpark Ost, there had already been an accumulation of internationally known nightclubs in the remains of the abandoned former Munich-Riem Airport.
Munich nightlife tends to change dramatically and quickly. Establishments open and close every year, and due to gentrification and the overheated housing market many survive only a few years, while others last longer.
Munich has two directly connected gay quarters, which basically can be seen as one: Gärtnerplatzviertel and Glockenbachviertel, both part of the Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt district.
Freddie Mercury had an apartment near the Gärtnerplatz and transsexual icon Romy Haag had a club in the city centre for many years. Munich has more than night clubs and thousands of bars and restaurants within city limits.
Some notable nightclubs are: popular techno clubs are Blitz Club , Harry Klein, Rote Sonne, Bahnwärter Thiel , Bob Beaman, Pimpernel, Charlie and Palais.
Popular mixed music clubs are Call me Drella, Cord, Wannda Circus, Tonhalle, Backstage, Muffathalle, Ampere, Pacha, P1, Zenith , Minna Thiel and the party ship Alte Utting.
Some notable bars pubs are located all over the city are Charles Schumann's Cocktail Bar, Havana Club, Sehnsucht, Bar Centrale, Ksar, Holy Home, Eat the Rich, Negroni, Die Goldene Bar and Bei Otto a bavarian-style pub.
Munich is a leading location for science and research with a long list of Nobel Prize laureates from Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen in to Theodor Hänsch in Munich has become a spiritual centre already since the times of Emperor Louis IV when philosophers like Michael of Cesena , Marsilius of Padua and William of Ockham were protected at the emperor's court.
The Ludwig Maximilian University LMU and the Technische Universität München TU or TUM , were two of the first three German universities to be awarded the title elite university by a selection committee composed of academics and members of the Ministries of Education and Research of the Federation and the German states Länder.
Only the two Munich universities and the Technical University of Karlsruhe now part of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have held this honour, and the implied greater chances of attracting research funds, since the first evaluation round in The Max Planck Society , an independent German non-profit research organisation, has its administrative headquarters in Munich.
The following institutes are located in the Munich area:. The Fraunhofer Society , the German non-profit research organization for applied research, has its headquarters in Munich.
Munich has the strongest economy of any German city  and the lowest unemployment rate 5. Munich topped the ranking of the magazine Capital in February for the economic prospects between and in 60 German cities.
Munich is a financial center and a global city and holds the headquarters of many companies. This includes more companies listed by the DAX than any other German city, as well as the German or European headquarters of many foreign companies such as McDonald's and Microsoft.
One of the best known newly established Munich companies is Flixbus. The breakdown by cities proper not metropolitan areas of Global cities listed Munich in 8th position in Munich is also the home of the headquarters of many other large companies such as the injection moulding machine manufacturer Krauss-Maffei , the camera and lighting manufacturer Arri , the semiconductor firm Infineon Technologies headquartered in the suburban town of Neubiberg , lighting giant Osram , as well as the German or European headquarters of many foreign companies such as Microsoft.
Munich has significance as a financial centre second only to Frankfurt , being home of HypoVereinsbank and the Bayerische Landesbank.
It outranks Frankfurt though as home of insurance companies such as Allianz insurance and Munich Re re-insurance.
Munich is the largest publishing city in Europe  and home to the Süddeutsche Zeitung , one of Germany's biggest daily newspapers. The city is also the location of the programming headquarters of Germany's largest public broadcasting network, ARD , while the largest commercial network, Pro7-Sat1 Media AG , is headquartered in the suburb of Unterföhring.
The headquarters of the German branch of Random House , the world's largest publishing house, and of Burda publishing group are also in Munich.
The Bavaria Film Studios are located in the suburb of Grünwald. They are one of Europe's biggest film production studios.
Munich has an extensive public transport system consisting of an underground metro, trams, buses and high-speed rail.
In , the transport modal share in Munich was 38 percent public transport, 25 percent car, 23 percent walking, and 15 percent bicycle. The trade fair transport logistic is held every two years at the Neue Messe München Messe München International.
Flixmobility which offers intercity coach service is headquartered in Munich. For its urban population of 2. The system is supervised by the Munich Transport and Tariff Association Münchner Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund GmbH.
The Munich tramway is the oldest existing public transportation system in the city, which has been in operation since Munich also has an extensive network of bus lines.
The extensive network of subway and tram lines assist and complement pedestrian movement in the city centre.
These major spines and many smaller streets cover an extensive area of the centre that can be enjoyed on foot and bike. The transformation of the historic area into a pedestrian priority zone enables and invites walking and biking by making these active modes of transport comfortable, safe and enjoyable.
These attributes result from applying the principle of "filtered permability" , which selectively restricts the number of roads that run through the centre.
While certain streets are discontinuous for cars, they connect to a network of pedestrian and bike paths, which permeate the entire centre.
In addition, these paths go through public squares and open spaces increasing the enjoyment of the trip see image.
The logic of filtering a mode of transport is fully expressed in a comprehensive model for laying out neighbourhoods and districts — the Fused Grid.
The average amount of time people spend commuting to and from work with public transit in Munich on a weekday is 56 min.
The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 9. Cycling has a strong presence in the city and is recognised as a good alternative to motorised transport.
The growing number of bicycle lanes are widely used throughout the year. The cycle paths usually involve a longer route than by the road, as they are diverted around objects, and the presence of pedestrians can make them quite slow.
A modern bike hire system is available within the area bounded by the Mittlerer Ring. München Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station located in the city centre and is one of three long-distance stations in Munich, the others being München Ost to the east and München-Pasing to the west.
All stations are connected to the public transport system and serve as transportation hubs. München Hauptbahnhof serves about , passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in Germany, such as Hamburg Hauptbahnhof and Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof.
It and München Ost are two of the 21 stations in Germany classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 1 station. The mainline station is a terminal station with 32 platforms.
The subterranean S-Bahn with 2 platforms and U-Bahn stations with 6 platforms are through stations. ICE highspeed trains stop at Munich-Pasing and Munich-Hauptbahnhof only.
InterCity and EuroCity trains to destinations east of Munich also stop at Munich East. In , the Berlin—Munich high-speed railway opened, providing a journey time of less than 4 hours between the two German cities.
Munich is an integral part of the motorway network of southern Germany. Motorways from Stuttgart W , Nuremberg , Frankfurt and Berlin N , Deggendorf and Passau E , Salzburg and Innsbruck SE , Garmisch Partenkirchen S and Lindau SW terminate at Munich, allowing direct access to the different parts of Germany, Austria and Italy.
Traffic, however, is often very heavy in and around Munich. Traffic jams are commonplace during rush hour as well as at the beginning and end of major holidays in Germany.
There are few "green waves" or roundabouts, and the city's prosperity often causes an abundance of obstructive construction sites. Other contributing factors are the extraordinarily high rates of car ownership per capita multiple times that of Berlin , the city's historically grown and largely preserved centralised urban structure, which leads to a very high concentration of traffic in specific areas, and sometimes poor planning for example bad traffic light synchronisation and a less than ideal ring road.
Franz Josef Strauss International Airport IATA : MUC, ICAO : EDDM is the second-largest airport in Germany and seventh-largest in Europe after London Heathrow , Paris Charles de Gaulle , Frankfurt , Amsterdam , Madrid and Istanbul Atatürk.
It replaced the smaller Munich-Riem airport in The airport can be reached by suburban train lines from the city.
From the main railway station the journey takes 40—45 minutes. An express train will be added that will cut down travel time to 20—25 minutes with limited stops on dedicated tracks.
In , the Bavarian state government granted a licence to expand Oberpfaffenhofen Air Station located west of Munich, for commercial use.
These plans were opposed by many residents in the Oberpfaffenhofen area as well as other branches of local Government, including the city of Munich, which took the case to court.
After , passenger traffic of nearby Augsburg Airport was relocated to Munich Airport, leaving the Augsburg region of Bavaria without an air passenger airport within close reach.
The Munich agglomeration sprawls across the plain of the Alpine foothills comprising about 2. South of Munich, there are numerous nearby freshwater lakes such as Lake Starnberg , Ammersee , Chiemsee , Walchensee , Kochelsee , Tegernsee , Schliersee , Simssee , Staffelsee , Wörthsee , Kirchsee and the Osterseen Easter Lakes , which are popular among the people of Munich for recreation, swimming and watersports and can be quickly reached by car and a few also by Munich's S-Bahn.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Capital and most populous city of Bavaria, Germany. This article is about the German city.
For other uses of "Munich" or "München", see Munich disambiguation. Place in Bavaria, Germany. From top: Marienplatz with Neues Rathaus and Frauenkirche in the background, Nymphenburg Palace , Englischer Garten , BMW Welt , Feldherrnhalle and Allianz Arena.
Coat of arms. Location of Munich. Main articles: History of Munich and Timeline of Munich. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Population growth of Munich.
Main article: Boroughs of Munich. Main article: Architecture of Munich. Main article: Sport in Munich. Main article: Football in Munich.
Main article: Bavarian language. Main article: Auer Dult. Main article: Cycling in Munich. Main article: München Hauptbahnhof.
Wasserburg am Inn. Lake Starnberg. See also: List of honorary citizens of Munich. Germany portal Europe portal Geography portal.
Europäische Metropolregion München e. Archived from the original on 20 June Retrieved 20 June Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung in German.
July Landeshauptstadt München. Archived from the original on 19 February Retrieved 12 February Archived from the original on 31 May Retrieved 17 April Stockholm: Atlantis.
Archived from the original on 4 April Retrieved 28 June Archived from the original on 3 July Retrieved 2 July Spotted by Locals.
Archived from the original on 21 February Retrieved 28 February WirtschaftsWoche in German. Retrieved 19 May Spiegel Online in German.
Bibcode : Natur. Archived from the original on 14 February Archived from the original on 31 December Retrieved 31 December Online Etymology Dictionary.
Herkunft und Bedeutung. Oberbayern, Niederbayern, Oberpfalz in German , München: C. Beck , p. Archived from the original on 6 March Retrieved 25 July Greenpeace-Munich branch.
Archived from the original on 24 July Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved 24 May Archived from the original on 7 February Retrieved 5 February The European Culture Area: A Systematic Geography.
Archived from the original on 19 March Archived from the original on 14 January Retrieved 2 May Archived from the original on 7 June Archived PDF from the original on 19 June Retrieved 19 June Archived PDF from the original on 24 March Retrieved 21 March Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder.
Archived from the original on 21 June Retrieved 7 May Süddeutsche Zeitung. Archived from the original on 28 August Retrieved 28 August Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 17 November Archived from the original on 28 March Retrieved 21 December City of Edinburgh Council.
Retrieved 16 January Council of Verona, Italy. Archived from the original on 23 May Retrieved 3 April Mairie de Bordeaux in French.
Retrieved 29 July Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 14 April Die Welt in German. Archived from the original on 9 July Retrieved 6 July Games Bids.
Retrieved 12 April Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 6 September Munich City Utilities Company SWM.
Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 5 September Riverbreak: The International River Surf Magazine. Archived from the original on 6 August Retrieved 7 August The Local Europe GmbH.
Archived from the original on 4 August Archived from the original on 15 April Retrieved 5 May Mjunik Disco — from to now in German.
La plus vieille d'entre elles est la Fischbrunnen fontaine aux poissons sur la Marienplatz. Les trains de la S-Bahn sont produits par Alstom et Bombardier entre et Pour les transports individuels, des pistes cyclables existent dans toute la ville et de nombreux taxis circulent.
Des voies rapides font le tour de la ville, et sont actuellement en travaux pour certaines, afin de les rendre souterraines.
De plus, le RadlRing Munich fait le tour de la ville. Dans le classement des centres financiers les plus importants du monde, Munich occupe la 35e place en Elle est un des lieux les plus importants de la presse papier par exemple Burda Verlag avec Focus , Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag , Langenscheidt Verlag , Süddeutscher Verlag.
La Tour chinoise dans le Jardin anglais. Tour Uptown Munich. Allianz Arena , stade des clubs professionnels de football de Munich.
Jardin suspendu au centre commercial Fünf Höfe. Palais du prince Charles Prinz-Carl-Palais. Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Menu de navigation Espaces de noms Article Discussion.
Pour les articles homonymes, voir Munich homonymie. Cet article ne cite pas suffisamment ses sources novembre La Marienplatz.
La colonne de Marie Marienplatz en hiver. ADAC e. Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.
Goethe-Institut Inter Nationes e. Hauptzollamt München service des douanes principales de Munich Institut für Ostrecht München e.
Walter E. Four of those injured had gunshot wounds , sky. Amberg Ansbach Aschaffenbourg Augsbourg Bamberg Bayreuth Cobourg Erlangen Fürth Hof Ingolstadt Kaufbeuren Kempten Allgäu Landshut Memmingen Munich Nuremberg Passau Ratisbonne Rosenheim Schwabach Schweinfurt Straubing Weiden i.
Munich München.Bibcode : Natur. This article is about the German city. Dieter Reiter SPD depuis Its tower contains the Rathaus-Glockenspiel. Hirschgarten is the largest beer garden in the world, with 8, seats. 123 Igre : Cities in Bavaria Munich German state capitals Populated places established in the 12th century. Bavarian State Opera Deutsches Theater Staatstheater am Gärtnerplatz. Hertha Bsc Gegen Dortmund at Wikipedia's sister projects. September and October, Theresienwiese :  The Richmond Boakye beer festival in the world, Munich's Oktoberfest runs for 16—18 days from the end of September through early October. Most Munich residents enjoy a high quality of life. Online Etymology Dictionary. All photos Hot and sour soup is great and everything on the authentic menu so far has been a pure delight Gladbach - Schalke the taste buds. Ordered carryout. Help expand a public dataset of research that support the SDGs. Impact Factor: 9.